- Coal-to-Gas Fuel Switching and its Effects on Housing Prices (with Scott Loveridge). Energy Economics, 2022 [View]
- Oil, Politics, and “Corrupt Bastards” (with Alex James). Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 2022 [View]
- Air Quality Warnings and Temporary Driving Bans: Evidence from Air Pollution, Car Trips, and Mass-Transit Ridership in Santiago. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 2021. [View]
- Is Mining and Environmental Disamenity? Evidence from Resource Extraction Site Openings. Environmental and Resource Economics, 2020. [View]
- Spatial Aggregation Bias in Implicit Prices of Environmental Amenities. Economics Bulletin, 2019. [View]
- Mineral Taxes and the Local Public Goods Provision in Mining Communities (with Dusan Paredes). Resources Policy, 2017. [View]
- Disaggregation of Sectors in Social Accounting Matrices Using a Customized Wolsky Method: A Comment on its Estimation Bias. Applied Economics Letters, 2016. [View]
- Scales of Production and Mining Economies: The Case of Chile in its Regional Dimension (with Patricio Aroca) (In Spanish). EURE, 2014. [View][Media Coverage]
The Health Benefits of Solar Power Generation: Evidence from Chile (with Beia Spiller and Cristobal Ruiz-Tagle). Environmental Defense Fund Economics Discussion Paper Series, EDF EDP 21-02 [Link][EDF Blog Post][Foco Económico][New version coming soon]
Renewable energy can yield social benefits through local air quality improvements and their subsequent effects on human health. We estimate some of these benefits using data gathered during the rapid adoption of large-scale solar power generation in Chile over the last decade. Relying on exogenous variation from incremental solar generation capacity over time, we find that solar energy displaces fossil fuel generation (primarily coal-fired generation) and curtails hospital admissions, particularly those due to lower respiratory diseases. These effects are noted mostly in cities downwind of displaced fossil fuel generation and are present across all age groups. Our results document the existence of an additional channel through which renewable energy can increase social welfare.
Association Between Long-Term Air Pollution Exposure and COVID-19 Mortality in Latin America (with Jorge Bonilla, Alejandro Lopez-Feldman, Paula Pereda, and Cristobal Ruiz-Tagle) [EfD Blog Post][Latest Version Available Upon Request]
Ambient air pollution is a major problem in many countries of the developing world. This study examines the relationship between long-term exposure to air pollution and COVID-19-related deaths in four countries of Latin America that have been highly affected by the pandemic: Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Mexico. Relying on historical satellite-based measures of fine particulate matter concentrations and official vital statistics, our results suggest that an increase in long-term exposure of 1 µg/m3 of fine particles is associated with a 2.7 percent increase in the COVID-19 mortality rate. This relationship is found primarily in municipalities of metropolitan areas, where urban air pollution sources dominate, and air quality guidelines are usually exceeded. Our findings support the call for strengthening environmental policies that improve air quality in the region, as well as allocating more health care capacity and resources to those areas most affected by air pollution.
Do resource-extraction booms crowd out investment in postsecondary education? We explore this question by examining higher education-related decisions of the universe of Chilean high school graduates during the 2000s commodities boom. On the one hand, we show that mineral extraction increases the students’ likelihood of enrolling in postsecondary technical education. On the other hand, we document a rise in the likelihood of dropping out of college, especially in leaving a four-year professional degree program. Further analysis reveals that students dropping out come primarily from public high schools generally associated with low-income groups. An exploration of different mechanisms suggests that an increase in the opportunity cost of higher education in areas with mineral extraction may be driving the results. Our findings constitute strong evidence that natural resources may severely affect human capital accumulation in areas with mineral extraction, particularly among low-income groups.
We explore the pollution-health channel of the large-scale industrial mining expansion in Chile. We measure expansion relying on exogenous variation in copper prices and the size of their mineral leases. Using a battery of estimations in double differences, we show the large negative impact of this expansion on harmful concentrations of a set of satellite-derived pollution levels and human health. These negative effects are ameliorated with an increase in household income and health expenditures, although partially. Results have important implications for the debate on the local welfare impact of mining developments
Work in Progress:
Water Scarcity, Fossil Fuels, and the Electricity Generation Mix: The Pollution and Health Impact of Droughts in Brazil (with Danae Hernández-Cortés)
Renewables, Pollution Avoided, and Infant Health (with Beia Spiller)
Chapters in Books:
Project Analysis and the Regional Dimension (with P. Aroca), in Evaluación Social de Proyectos: Orientaciones para su Aplicación. Aguilera, R. (Editor). Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República, Uruguay. 2011.
Copper Mining in the Antofagasta Region (with P. Aroca), in Región de Antofagasta, Pasado, Presente y Futuro. Llagostera, A. (Editor). Ediciones Universitarias, Universidad Católica del Norte, Chile. 2010.
Water Resources in a Dry Area (with M. Lufin and M. Hasewaga), in Región de Antofagasta, Pasado, Presente y Futuro. Llagostera, A. (Editor). Ediciones Universitarias, Universidad Católica del Norte, Chile. 2010.
La Experiencia del Instituto de Economía Aplicada Regional (IDEAR) de la Universidad Católica del Norte (with E. López), in Centros de pensamiento estratégico territorial: Instrumentos de la gobernanza regional en Chile, Vergara, P. (Editor). Subsecretaría de Desarrollo Regional y Administrativo, Chile. 2010.